An A-Z encyclopedia covering all aspects of infectious diseases and their prevention, offering historical and technical background with a balanced discussion of discoveries, developments, and prognoses.
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This new three-volume set presents essays on a variety of topics in infectious, or communicable, diseases. An infectious disease develops when a pathogen invades an organism and multiplies, followed by host symptomology and impairment. Pathogens—bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, prions, and parasites—invade with the help of biting vectors, such as mosquitoes and flies, and with the help of the hosts themselves, who ingest, inhale, or otherwise come in contact with the pathogen.
This updated second edition contains over 650 essays on all aspects of infectious diseases, including pathogens and pathogenicity, transmission, the immune system, vaccines, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, drug resistance, epidemiology, history, organizations, research, and social concerns such as aging, poverty and disease, children and disease, stress, quarantine, and bioterrorism. The essays, written for non-specialists by medical professionals, professors in science and medicine, and medical writers, will interest science and premedical students, students of epidemiology and public health, students of global and tropical medicine, public library patrons, and librarians building collections in science and medicine.
Essays vary in length from one to five pages. Every essay begins with ready-reference top matter, such as topic category, and lists, where applicable. Pathogen essays include the following sections: Transmission route (top matter), Definition, Natural Habitat and Features, Pathogenicity and Clinical Significance, and Drug Susceptibility. Diseases and conditions essays include the following sections: Definition, Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Screening and Diagnosis, Treatment and Therapy, and Prevention and Outcomes. Essays covering diagnosis, epidemiology, immune response, prevention, and treatment offer the following subsections: topical subheads, chosen by the essay author, and Impact. All entries end with a byline, including the author’s credentials; list sources for further reading, many of them annotated; list Web sites for further study; and list See Also cross-references to related essays in the set.
Nine appendixes appear at the end of volume 3. A Glossary provides hundreds of definitions of commonly used scientific and medical terms and concepts. The Bibliography offers citations for both classic and recently published sources for additional research. The Resources appendix provides a list of organizations and support groups. Other appendixes include a list of professional journals, a list of Web resources, and a Pharmaceutical List, categorized by type of drug.