Provides students and researchers with an easy-to-understand introduction to the fundamentals of chemistry, from elements and molecules to chemical reactions and properties of matter.
This new resource introduces students and researchers to the fundamentals of chemistry. Entries are written in easy-to-understand language, so readers can use these entries as a solid starting off point to develop a thorough understanding of this often time confusing subject matter.
This reference work begins with a comprehensive introduction to the field, starting with man's earliest understanding of the primary substance of life and concluding with a discussion of chemistry as the "central science" and touching on the exciting contemporary research being conducted around such fascinating material as halogens and spectroscopy.
Principles of Chemistry includes 128 entries ranging from Acid Anhydrides to Zone Refining. All entries are arranged in an A to Z order, making it easy to find the topic of interest. Each entry includes:
- related fields of study to illustrate the connections between the various branches of chemistry;
- a brief, concrete summary of the topic and how the entry was organized;
- principal terms that are fundamental to the discussion and to understanding the concepts presented;
- illustrations that clarify difficult concepts via models, diagrams, and charts of such key topics as the relationship between acid and bases, molecular structures, bonds, and reactions; equations that demonstrate how chemical formulas are written, how equations are balanced, and other important functions;
- photographs of significant contributors to the study of chemistry;
- sample problems that further demonstrate the concept presented;
- and further reading list that relates to the entry.
Entries are arranged into easy-to-use subject areas. Principles of Chemistry covers:
Chemical Reactions - covers basic terms and concepts including Biochemistry, Diffusion, DNA & RNA Synthesis, Hydrolysis, Osmosis, Pericyclic Reactions, Redox Reactions and more.
Reaction Calculations - provides detail on Avogadro's Law, Balancing Equations, Conservation of Mass, Definite Proportions, Molecular Formula, Multiple Proportions, Percentage Composition, and Stoichiometry.
Elements, Molecules, & Compounds - covers Acids & Bases, Alkali Metals, Amino Acids, Atoms, Chemical Energy, Inert Gases, Man-made Elements, Molecular Formula, Neutrons, Protons, Reading the Periodic Table, Radioactive Elements, Salts, Toxins and many more.
Organic Chemistry: Functional Matter - provides an explanation of Acid Chloride, Alkynes, Benzene & Other Rings, Diols, Ketones, Phenols, Reaction Mechanisms and Reaction Rates.
Properties of Matter - covers Aromaticity, Atomic Number, Ductility, Half-Life, Lewis Structure, Litmus Test, Molarity, Orbitals, Radioactive Decay, Spectroscopy, Sublimation, and many more.
The book's backmatter is another valuable source and includes:
- Periodic Table of Elements, including an introduction and history of the table and a second table that with additional information about atomic weights;
- Nobel Notes that explain the significance of the prizes to the study of science and their interdisciplinary nature;
- Nobel Prize winners in the area of chemistry from the first awards in 1901, given to Jacobus Henricus van’t Hoff “in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions” to the prize awarded in 2015 to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich, and Aziz Sancar “for mechanistic studies of DNA repair”;
- General bibliography;
- Subject index.
This new resource will be a helpful tool for students and researchers who are just beginning their study of chemistry and need a solid background of the key terms and elements in the field. A must for all high school and undergraduate science programs.